One of the research interests of Ni3 China is to explore the link between gender-based violence and bullying in schools. School violence and bullying in China is under investigated, though it has become a national concern recently (Ziqiang Han, Guirong Zhang, and Haibo Zhang 2017). Studies in other parts of the world show that children exposed to violence in the home or child abuse are more likely to engage in acts of bullying or be victims of bullying (Baldry, 2003; University of Washington News, 2006). Furthermore studies of ‘cyberbullying’ which refers to bullying via electronic communication, has been shown to impact one in four children (Qing Li, 2006). When gender is considered there are significant differences between boys and girls. In Li’s study, males were more likely to be bullies and cyberbullies than their female counterparts although female victims were more likely to inform adults than their male counterparts (Qing Li, 2006). Cross-cultural studies of school bullying reveal lower incidence in ‘collectivism-oriented’ countries such as China, than ‘individualism-oriented’ countries such as the United States (Ziqiang Han, Guirong Zhang, and Haibo Zhang 2017). Regardless of this however, it is the case that bullying and victimization in schools has serious and deleterious effects on children and can cause low self-esteem, psychosocial problems, poor academic achievement and contribute to long-term mental health problems, aggressive, and even suicidal behaviors (Ziqiang Han, Guirong Zhang, and Haibo Zhang, 2017). The extent to which these outcomes are impacted by preexisting exposure to violence (such as violence in the home) are as yet little understood in China. While focusing on prevention is our long-term goal, we are aware of the need to also provide information to support victims impacted by bullying in their daily lives.
How to deal with Domestic Violence
Domestic violence not only violates morality but also harms the victim’s human dignity. If you are facing domestic violence, you should use legal means to protect yourself. You have the right to ask for help. Residents committees, village committees and institutions should discourage violators and mediate the parties. You can also seek help from women’s federations or women’s non-profit organizations, or call “110” and report the matter to the police.
Generally, you can take the following measures when you are facing domestic violence:
- (A) Leave the perpetrators
- (B) Call the police
- (C) Check the injury
- (D) Seek help